That was another chapter closed, my son, in the battle between ‘The Abyss’ and the free thinking and creativity for the good of the people. So, you can see now that ‘The Abyss’ is not a specific group of people, it refers to a way of thinking. It refers to a state of mind. It refers to the obsession of the control over knowledge. Because knowledge is power. Once you have it you can do anything, good or bad. So, let’s move on to see how, where and when ‘They Abyss’ rise again.
Now our story moves to the Near East, specifically what is called now Iraq. I’ve already told you a part of the Egyptians civilization and their ‘Abyss’. Actually it is believed that the cradle of civilization was the Mesopotamian civilization which existed in the area of Iraq.
The Mesopotamian civilization was not actually a single civilization, it was a group of civilizations like the Sumerian and Babylonian civilizations. They shared the same space of land and time and even spoke the same language, Akkadian. They communicated, traded and coexisted together in peace. The Sumerian civilization is believed to be the oldest civilization that has thousands of citizens we know of. At one point in time, all the Akkadian speaking civilizations were united – for the first time – under one rule, The Akkadian Empire. The Akkadian Empire was formed and ruled by king Sargon from the capital city of Akkad. The Mesopotamian people were clever at Mathematics, the secret code of the universe. They were advanced in science and technology due to their excel in Math. But this was not going to last forever.
Sargon had a beautiful daughter called, Enhedoanna. Her name meant ‘The high priestess of the goddess An’. She was so smart and a fast learner. She studied religion and she started writing poems. Actually, Enhedoanna is the first female writer in history and one of the first writer to be known by name for us. When she grew up, her father, the king, sent her as the high priestess of a temple in the city of Ur. This was for the main goal of ensuring that stability of his empire in that important city.
On the above map, you can see the city of Ur in the southern part of the Akkadian Empire. Akkad’s location is not yet accurately determined but it is in the area between Adab and Girsu cities. So, you can see that Enhedoanna was quite far from home and family. But she took the task anyway, and she started writing and writing and writing. Her most interesting works are her hymns. Her hymns redefined the gods for the people of the Akkadian Empire under Sargon’s rule and helped prove the underlying religious homogeneity sought by the king. They had relationships with the ancient Egyptians and they saw the confusion created by ‘the Abyss’ after they created so many different gods. They didn’t want their people to be like that.
They were successful for a long time. But, there is always the bad side. Believers of the dark side of knowledge, in other words ‘The Abyss’, didn’t like that but they couldn’t help it because of the power of the king and the huge influence of him and his daughter on the people. But when king Sargon died after 55 years of ruling, they saw that as an opportunity and they worked very hard to create chaos in the land. The king’s son Rimush took rule after his father’s death and he inherited his father’s strength which enabled him to successfully suppress most of the rebellions all over the place. Rimush didn’t last long. He only ruled for 8 years then he died. His brother, Manishtishu, ruled after his brother and continued taking down any revolt that the ‘The Not-yet Abyss’ try to ignite.
Through all this, Enhedoanna continued doing her job in the city of Ur. All the sadness about her father and brother made her more stubborn to keep doing the task that her father assigned her to many years ago. No one of the rebels was interested in stopping her because their main goal was to reach to the throne and rule. That all started to change when the rebels became so resourceful that they managed to recruit one of the members in Manishtishu’s court to assassinate the king. Manishtishu was killed after 15 years of ruling. And this killing changed everything.
More about Enhedoanna: